X11 Forwarding

Use X11 Forwarding in SSH Client

After the X server is installed in your operating system, you can connect to virtual machine with X11 forwarding enabled in your SSH Client

Linux SSH Client

  1. In Linux, SSH terminal supports X11 forwarding by default, so you don’t need to install anything. You can connect to your virtual machine by typing:
     $ ssh -i <your private key> -X username@ip address
    
  2. After you connected to your virtual machine, you can type the below command to test whether X11 forwarding is working:
     $ xclock
    

macOS SSH Client

  1. Once X11 forwarding is setup, you can test it using the following command:
     ssh -i <your private key> -X username@ip address
    
  2. After you connected to your virtual machine, you can type the below command to test whether X11 forwarding is working:
     $ xclock
    

Windows SSH Client

In Windows, you can use putty to connect to your virtual machine with X11 forwarding enabled.

  1. Open Putty and fill in the username and IP address of your virtual machine.

    Putty Page 1

  2. Go to the Connection menu and click the + in front of SSH to exapnd the list. Select X11 in the drop-down list. Tick the box X11 forwarding. Type localhost:0 in X display location. Then click the open button.

    Putty Page 2

  3. After you connected to your virtual machine, you can type the below command to test whether X11 forwarding is working:

     $ xclock