Administering a Cluster

Creating the kubectl config

kubectl is the command line client used to control a kubernetes cluster. Kubernetes uses a separate authentication mechanism from OpenStack (Keystone). Since OpenStack already knows who we are, we can use it to generate a kubectl config file that includes credentials to authenticate us to Kubernetes.

  1. Create a new directory and cd to it;

    mkdir mycluster
    cd mycluster
  2. Use the openstack tool to generate the config file for kubectl:

    $ openstack coe cluster config mycluster
    export KUBECONFIG=/home/jake/temp/coe/mycluster/config
  3. Set the KUBECONFIG environment variable used by copy-and-pasting the export KUBECONFIG=... line output by the above to the shell prompt:

    $ export KUBECONFIG=/home/jake/temp/coe/mycluster/config
    $ echo $KUBECONFIG

Using kubectl

  1. Use kubectl to see if all your service pods in kubernetes are set up correctly. All the pods in the kube-system namespace should have status Running. For example:

    $ kubectl get all --all-namespaces
    NAMESPACE     NAME                                           READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    kube-system   pod/coredns-6fc5967489-sdgcx                   1/1     Running   0          2m30s
    kube-system   pod/coredns-6fc5967489-w4959                   1/1     Running   0          35m
    kube-system   pod/heapster-7f4df8c8cf-sjxxd                  1/1     Running   0          35m
    kube-system   pod/k8s-keystone-auth-dggn4                    1/1     Running   0          35m
    kube-system   pod/kube-dns-autoscaler-86c44cb799-rsstj       1/1     Running   0          35m
    kube-system   pod/kube-flannel-ds-amd64-knvfb                1/1     Running   0          3m21s
    kube-system   pod/kube-flannel-ds-amd64-z462l                1/1     Running   0          35m
    kube-system   pod/kubernetes-dashboard-dbc7c4fff-p46fj       1/1     Running   0          35m
    kube-system   pod/npd-7mlhg                                  1/1     Running   0          2m41s
    kube-system   pod/openstack-cloud-controller-manager-kjzlf   1/1     Running   0          35m
    NAMESPACE     NAME                           TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                  AGE
    default       service/kubernetes             ClusterIP       <none>        443/TCP                  35m
    kube-system   service/heapster               ClusterIP    <none>        80/TCP                   35m
    kube-system   service/kube-dns               ClusterIP      <none>        53/UDP,53/TCP,9153/TCP   35m
    kube-system   service/kubernetes-dashboard   ClusterIP   <none>        443/TCP                  35m
    NAMESPACE     NAME                                                DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   NODE SELECTOR                     AGE
    kube-system   daemonset.apps/k8s-keystone-auth                    1         1         1       1            1           node-role.kubernetes.io/master=   35m
    kube-system   daemonset.apps/kube-flannel-ds-amd64                2         2         2       2            2           beta.kubernetes.io/arch=amd64     35m
    kube-system   daemonset.apps/npd                                  1         1         1       1            1           <none>                            35m
    kube-system   daemonset.apps/openstack-cloud-controller-manager   1         1         1       1            1           node-role.kubernetes.io/master=   35m
    NAMESPACE     NAME                                   READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
    kube-system   deployment.apps/coredns                2/2     2            2           35m
    kube-system   deployment.apps/heapster               1/1     1            1           35m
    kube-system   deployment.apps/kube-dns-autoscaler    1/1     1            1           35m
    kube-system   deployment.apps/kubernetes-dashboard   1/1     1            1           35m
    NAMESPACE     NAME                                             DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
    kube-system   replicaset.apps/coredns-6fc5967489               2         2         2       35m
    kube-system   replicaset.apps/heapster-7f4df8c8cf              1         1         1       35m
    kube-system   replicaset.apps/kube-dns-autoscaler-86c44cb799   1         1         1       35m
    kube-system   replicaset.apps/kubernetes-dashboard-dbc7c4fff   1         1         1       35m

Using the web interface

Magnum also sets up the Kubernetes Web UI by default. Follow these steps to access it.

  1. Create a clusterrolebinding for the kubernetes-dashboard service account

    kubectl create clusterrolebinding kubernetes-dashboard --clusterrole=cluster-admin --serviceaccount=kube-system:kubernetes-dashboard
  2. Get the dashboard token. Run the following code snippet, and copy the resulting output to your clipboard

    SECRET_NAME=$(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep kubernetes-dashboard-token | cut -f1 -d ' ')
    kubectl -n kube-system describe secret $SECRET_NAME | grep -E '^token' | cut -f2 -d':' | tr -d " "
  3. Use kubectl to create a web proxy

    $ kubectl proxy
    Starting to serve on
  4. Using a browser, visit the dashboard URL. The URL is http://localhost:8001/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/https:kubernetes-dashboard:/proxy/

  5. Select the token option, and paste the token you copied into the field provided. Click login and you should be taken to an overview of your cluster.

Up Next:

4. Scaling